a good proofreading style for your academy paper
In the scientific literature on proofreading there are three types of proofreading reading: reading, proofreading, verification (verification). The purpose of reading is to verify the prints of the composed text with the edited author’s original. During reading, the proofreader corrects spelling and punctuation errors, checks with the edited author’s original definition, wording, etc .; detects omissions, distortions, typed the same text twice, etc.
Proofreading is the most important stage of proofreading, the purpose of which is to notice and correct spelling mistakes, as well as (and this is important) to unify spellings (abbreviations, words with the letter g, uppercase and lowercase letters, dates, proper names, etc.), check compliance technical rules of assembly and layout.
When editing an author’s or proofreading of a publishing original, errors are corrected with the help of proofreading marks. The text of the correction (replacement or insertion), when it is, is written above the erroneous text, and sometimes – in the box opposite it. When the text of the correction does not fit on the page, it is written on a separate sheet (part of it) and pasted to the original sheet.
When editing or proofreading a draft edition, the error is corrected, as well as when processing the original, but the proofreading mark with the correction is repeated in the fields (left or right) opposite the line c. by mistake. The text of the correction is written in the field to the right of the proofreading mark.
One proof mark must apply to only one correction, and therefore, if there are several deviations in the line, the proof marks must be modified. When the same correction is repeated several times, you can specify the proof mark once, writing next to (in a circle) the number of required
Additional instructions to the author, editor, proofreader or designer of the publication) should be given in the margins next to the proofreading marks, circled.
There are two proofreading rules:
– Partial is to control only basic information; messages in the same position in the copy and the original must be identical
– Full proofreading is to control not only basic but also official information; in the same position in the copy and the original must be identical.
Experience has shown that printed texts do not exist without spelling errors, but every effort should be made to keep them to a minimum. The urgency of the issue is due to the fact that today in most publishing houses, especially commercial, one person is assigned the duties of a professional editor, and literary editor, and proofreader.
Therefore, along with professional knowledge on the subject of the author’s original, the publisher must know the causes of typical errors in the perception of printed texts, which greatly simplifies their processing, helps to avoid a significant number of spelling and other errors. Thus, typical correction errors are divided into passive and active. Passive errors include, as a rule, omission of errors of the compiler (operator). Among them are errors of attention and errors of perception.
The proofreading process is required only when a traditional publishing process is used for publishing (for example, with a metal kit) or when a partially computerized publishing process is used. When using fully computerized equipment, then proofreading is unnecessary.